Where are we coming from? Starting as a resource for numerous flower shows, our database grew and grew to include plants used by gardeners across the USA, and those featured in several publications of the American Horticultural Society. The database assisted the publication by Southern Living/Sunset/Time Life of several books geared for Western and Southern gardeners, and continued to be used by show committees and exhibitors in flower shows, all across the country. For several years it was an on-line resource for The orignial authority for plant nomenclature was (the now out of print)RHS Index of Garden Plants, Mark Griffiths, editor, Timber Press. ISBN: 0333591496. The current authority for nomenclature in Plantipedia® is the collaborative on-line resource by RHS, Kew, Missouri Botanic and others: The Plant List,


I wish to thank Dr. Mark Miller, and posthumously, Dr. Marc Cathey, former President Emeritus of the American Horticultural Society, for their guidance and support; the members of both the National Garden Clubs Inc. and the Garden Club of America for testing my data; the many nurseries who shared their catalogues; and the staff of the American, Bermuda, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Southeastern Horticultural Societies for helping me develop the original program. Special thanks to the institutions and plant societies who have helped to verify both information and photographs including the Instituto de Botánica Darwinion in Buenos Aires, and the library of the Singapore Botanic Gardens. In addition I wish to thank the many flower show committees across the country who let me test the database and/or incorporate data from their shows - including but not limited to - Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming, and others. I wish to thank La Federacion Costarricense de Clubes de Jardines de Costa Rica for allowing me to include photographs from their 2013 flower show Costa Rica Eterna Primavera. In addition, we have photographed plants in Argentina, Baja California, Belgium, Borneo, Brazil, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Ecuador, France, Great Britain, Holland, Hungary,Ireland, India, Italy, Ireland, Kenya, Laos, Mexico, Panama, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Uruguay,Viet Nam, Virgin Islands and more.

Special thanks to the Arnold Arboretum and the Gray Herbarium, of Harvard University; The New England Wildflower Soc., William Brumback; Jim Folsom and John Trager of the Huntington Botanical Gardens; and Bill Cullina Coastal Maine Botanic Garden, for their help with this project, and the plant societies that have permitted me to photograph entries at their shows. To Mary Ann Patterson, Don & Betty Call, your help and encouragement were much appreciated. To Jean Jones and Paul Parisi, thank you for adapting my original program, Showtime, to become Plantipedia®!

As we add photographs and supporting data to the plants in Plantipedia®, it will become ever more useful. Mistakes are inevitable and unintentional. This is a work in progress, with Botanical Names changing, old data being updated and corrected, and new plants added. Thank you Dr. Peter Raven for your guidance and Dr. Peter Stevens for assisting in defining the options related to ongoing taxonomic changes . Our online reference for plant nomenclature is The USDA plant profiles www. web site is referenced and linked giving the status of and mapping of native plants, noxious weeds and invasive plants. Thank you to Art Scarpa for allowing me to photograph your collections; to Carrie Waterman for sharing your terrific images of unusual succulents; to Linda Milton for sharing images from your garden;to Nan Carder for sharing her beautiful images with us; to Joanne Lenden for allowing us to include your wildflower image collection, and especially to the Colorado Dahlia Society for permitting us to link directly/remotely to images in their collections on their web site. In addition, we would like to thank Allan and Judi Davidson for sharing their lovely images of Bermuda's flora; Peter Holmes for his images of Bermuda's Mystery Roses; and Helen Dillon for her help with identifying the glorious plants in her Dublin, Ireland Garden. To those institutions who have allowed me to photograph their collections, Images of plants from these institutions are included as well as plants from other places:  The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center;The Tucson Desert Museum; The Tucson Botanical Garden; The Harry A. Leu Gardens, the San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden ); The San Diego Zoo ; The Center for Plant Conservation San Diego Zoo Global www. permission to remotely link to the data within the records of  the National Collection of endangered plants; to Logee's Greenhouses,  Brent & Becky's Bulbs, and Prairie Moon Nursery who have agreed to let us link remotely to their image inventory.Thank you to Oliver's Nurseries, Russell's Greenhouses, Sylvan Nurseries, Corliss Brothers, Avant Gardens, San Marcos Growers, and many other garden centers, botanic gardens and nurseries for allowing us to photograph their collections. Thank you Chip Taylor of Monarch Watch for allowing us to link remotely to their collection of unusual milkweed images, and a very special thanks to Karl Gercens for permitting us to link remotely to his extraordinarily beautiful plant images from the 4 corners of the earth..

As the data about our native pollinators and their plant preferences, and the need to protect them has become a focus of the nation's conservationist , I have begun the process of correlating properly documented information with the plant data in plantipedia. The remarkable book "Pollinators of Native Plants" by Heather Holm published in 2014 by the Pollinator Press LLC Minnesota has served as the primary resource for the native plant pollinators. Heather has researched and photographed 65 of our native plants and their pollinators on these plants. In addition, data from Bumble Bees of North America: An identification Guide,  by Williams, Thorp, Richardson & Colla2014 Princeton University Press has been incorporated, and from the Xerces Society Guide to Attracting Native Pollinators: Protecting North America's Bees and Butterflies, Storey Publishing 2011.

John VanDyk of the Iowa State University Dept. of Entomology, has graciously allowed us to link our pollinator data to, his online web reference ("For the identification of insects spiders and their kin for the United States and Canada"). In addition, information from various other publications of the Xerces Society the National Wildlife Federation has been incorporated.

I wish to thank the family of Corliss K. Engle for allowing me to include her plant images, and most of all thank you, Nat Dane, for sharing your pictures with us in addition to your unflagging support during these many long years of developing this program.

Arabella S. Dane